Although ornamental penmanship exists primarily today on wedding invitations and collegiate diplomas, a century ago, educators and professionals considered elaborate cursive penmanship essential for people of all ages. Penmanship leaders like Zaner and Spencer filled elementary schools with writing drills and teaching methods that emphasized endless practice, fine-motor strength, posture and a Zen-like focus to master aesthetically pleasant, legible handwriting. While instructions will help you begin writing in old-fashioned cursive, only continuous drills and practice will give you flawless, ornamental penmanship.
Craft shop or local artisans' guild Farrier Living history museum We have also found many books and videos see Additional Resources that are helpful in bringing this unit to life and providing additional details. As you plan your unit, consider whether you want to enjoy these hands-on activities over the course of a week or concentrated into an olden days festival such as a "Homestead Day.
Candle Dipping Life without electricity, especially the electric light at night we all take for granted, is difficult for young children to fathom. One of the biggest family jobs in the olden days, especially before oil lamps became popular, was to make candles.
In the past, candle wax was derived from beeswax or boiling animal fat into tallow, and it was a greasy, messy job disliked by most children.
However, by using a few simple modern materials and exercising some caution, your class can have the experience of making their own beautiful candles. Candle-dipping is not only an art; it has interesting science applications your students can discuss, such as the effect of hot and cold temperatures on the wax, and the fact that a substance can change from solid to liquid.
This process is easiest and quickest if you have access to a stove where you can heat water in some deep pots. We also recommend having one or two parent volunteers on hand for this activity to monitor for safety, since the wax does get hot.
Paraffin blocks, such as those used for canning blocks per class Beeswax can also be used, but it is a more expensive alternative. The paraffin is Never melted directly over the heat source!
Always create a "double boiler" effect as described below. Break up one block of paraffin in each of six cans. Add a generous amount of crayon pieces, a different color family in each can. Set the cans upright in a deep kettle or kettles of boiling water, so that the level of the water is halfway up the side of the cans.
Stir and break up paraffin and crayon wax until it is entirely melted and the color in each can pleases you. Fill the remaining two cans with very cold water.
Leaving about six inches untouched by wax to hold on to, dip the string first into wax, then immediately into cold water After the first few dips, you may need to carefully straighten out the wick if it curls in the hot wax.
Each layer of wax on the wick is hardened by the cold water and allows the next layer of wax to adhere.
Gradually, the candle begins to thicken and take shape. It's fascinating to watch the different layers of colors build up. Attach a name label to the wick, and set aside for further hardening. You will also need to replenish the ice cold water every 10 minutes or so, as students take their turns at dipping.
It's fun to have background music playing while doing this activity, and have students march around the table, alternating dipping in wax and water.Oct 17, · Letter writing is indeed a dying art in this day-and-age.
I remember back in the early s, as you say, people would wait with trapidation for their letters, read them with a sense of awe and write them with yunusemremert.coms: Today's children are also amazed to learn that many school teachers in the olden days began their careers at about 16 years old!
Bobbie Kalman's Early Schools (Crabtree, ) is a "must-have" resource for pictures showing all aspects of school life in the 19th century.
It’s summer and your preschooler is bored. Try this fun alphabet worksheet that combines drawing zig zag lines and connecting alphabet letters with upper case letter recognition/5. Life and work were hard in the olden days, but the inventive people of those times always had the goal of trying to make life just a little bit easier.
A look at tools and gadgets of the past can tell us a great deal about the quality of life in those days. The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing • Chinese writing is based on ideograms – hard to learn at first, so it takes Chinese students much longer to learn how to write – not in our day at least!
The History of the Alphabet CONCLUSION: The Alphabet and Spelling. Some of the worksheets displayed are In the olden days facilitated program, A day in the trenches student work, Teachers notes the tram to bondi beach, Good old days, Students will students will, Good manners, Toys and games from the past, Mushroom education packet.